Big, small, smart, dumb, better or worse.
We have a tendency to compare everything. Prices, brands, companies, etc. And we all want the best. This holds true even in the fitness world. Naturally, the best fitness program will yield the best results, right?
For those of you looking to put on pack on muscle and get rid of fat, you’ve probably done your research and found that packing on muscle and getting rid of fat is HARD. And after doing your due diligence, you’ve also discovered that the best way to accomplish both goals at once is to involve programs that are high in intensity, namely, CrossFit and HIIT. Now the only issue is – which one is better?
We’ll get back to that in a minute.
In order to get you the answer you’re looking for; let’s take a look at what these programs actually entail first. Then, we can take some history 101 on both of these methodologies and finally get to the answer that I know you’re waiting for.
Here is a description of the two types of training methodologies:
CrossFit – a strength and condition system built on constantly varied, if not randomized, functional movements executed at high intensity (Crossfit Journal, http://library.crossfit.com/free/pdf/what_is_crossfit.pdf)
HIIT – also known as “High Intensity Interval Training” or “High-Intensity Intermittent Exercise”. This type of training involves short bursts of high intensity exercises followed by low to medium intensity recovery periods. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High-intensity_interval_training#Tabata_method)
Now that we know what we’re talking about, let’s take a quick fitness history 101 to get an idea of where these methodologies had their bearings.
Believe it or not – both of these types of training have roots going back to the 1930’s. So yea, this stuff isn’t anything new.
Here’s a brief timeline:
1937: Fartlek, also known as “speed play” in Swedish, was founded by Gosta Holmer. Long story short, the Fin’s were kicking Swedish ass in cross country competition since the 1920’s – so instead practicing running with the Swedish team, Holmer tried something completely different. The training methodology that Holmer implemented was based on having his runners run steady for brief amounts of time followed by a slowed pace, and then continuing to a more intense pace. That process would continue for at least 45 minutes.
Oh, and the Swedes ended up coming out victorious after training on Fartlek. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fartlek)
1980’s: Greg Glassman decides to put together a workout regimen focusing on fitness competencies such as cardiovascular endurance, power, flexibility, speed, agility, and balance. It gained a lot of popularity amongst military and police personnel. This type of training was not yet dubbed as CrossFit, but sure was the beginning.
1995: The first CrossFit gym opens in Santa Cruz, California.
1996: Dr. Izumi Tabata performs a study which involves subjects performing in 20 seconds of intense activity followed by 10 seconds of rest periods. The high intensity period was performed at 170% of VO2 max and the results were dramatic. Aerobic performance increased by 14% and anaerobic performance by 28%. Dr. Tabata is credited with the studies that lead to HIIT. (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8897392).
2000 – Crossfit, Inc is founded by Greg Glassman. At the end of 2005, over 1700 CrossFit affiliate gyms are now located throughout the nation.
Now that we know what is what, let’s get into the good stuff.
Which is better, CrossFit or HIIT?
Well when looking at both methodologies, I can’t see the difference, can you?
Both HIIT training and CrossFit can train with Olympic weights and sprints. You want to throw a tire? Climb a rope? Well you can do both with HIIT and CrossFit. If you need some motivation, both encourage partners or groups of people pushing each other to complete workouts and give it your all. HIIT is specifically incorporated into CrossFit WOD’s for crying out loud. Ever heard of tabata’s?
Now, I’d be going out on a limb saying that both Tabata and Glassman had actually used Fartlek as a premise for their training methodologies. Honestly, I couldn’t find anything to support that. But considering that both of these guys know their shit, it would be naïve to say that they hadn’t heard of it at all.
So what is the difference? And which is better?
There is no difference. And neither is better.
The only difference between the two methodologies is that as an affiliate of CrossFit, you need to pony up more cash. If you own a gym you need to pay to become an affiliate of CrossFit. And if you’re a member of that gym, well you’re probably paying more too.
CrossFit looks like it’s more of a good marketing campaign (thanks Reebok) with a sound fitness philosophy more than anything. It’s simply branded nicer than most workout routines. You can work out just as hard, with as just as many people, and with just as many exercises in HIIT as you can with CrossFit.
Just because you don’t have “CrossFit” in front of the name of your workout doesn’t mean you can’t bust your ass, partake in friendly competition, or enjoy the company of other people suffering just as much as you are . . .
That’s what it’s all about anyways. Isn’t it?